Wyoming, West Nebraska and SW Dakota Grazing Fee Report
USDA - Tue May 15, 3:01PM CDT
TO_LS150   
Torrington, WY    Tue May 15, 2018      USDA-WY Dept Ag Market News


       Wyoming, Panhandle and Central Nebraska and Western South Dakota 
            2018 Annual Grazing Fee Report as of May 12, 2018     

    Summer grass lease prices in Wyoming were mostly steady, Western 
Nebraska steady to 5.00 higher, Central Nebraska steady and Western South 
Dakota steady to 10.00 higher. This is the 30th year for this one of a 
kind report and each year it�s interesting to visit with the wide range 
of contacts gathering information for this report. Some land owners went 
up to help cover the increase tax burden in some states while other land 
owners are happy at their current summer rates. Most of the higher prices 
are for full care while the lower prices the tenants have to fix the 
fence, look after the water and other things for the summer grass.  Most 
reports the grass is slow to grow as unseasonal cool temperatures have 
prevailed this spring. Some rain across the reporting regions and warmer 
temps on the horizon will aid in the growth of the grasses. Most of the 
leases are based on a 5 month grazing season. With a little less turn out 
time in the higher elevations. Fees for yearlings were a little harder to 
find this year as many landlords can charge more for pairs and have opted 
to switch to pairs for the added income.
    U.S. Drought monitor is always changing. As of the May 10th, all of 
Wyoming except the far SW and South Central counties are not in a drought 
situation. The SW and South Central areas are abnormally to moderately 
dry. In South Dakota, the west and south boundary lines and the Eastern 
side of the state are in the �normal� range with areas from Wall to 
Pierre to Mobridge and Lemon are mostly moderately dry. Most of Nebraska 
is out of the drought except for the areas south of I-80 and from McCook 
to Nebraska City are listed as abnormally dry. These areas are always 
changing. For the most current drought monitor please copy and paste the 
link to find the current information http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu    
    Pasture and range report (NASS) for May 13th in Wyoming is at 60 
percent good to excellent compared to 57 percent last year. Nebraska 
comes in at 50 percent for good to excellent with last year at 80 
percent. South Dakota pasture and range is 40 percent good or better 
compared to 49 percent in 2017. 
    Topsoil moisture in Wyoming is at 76 percent adequate (78 percent in 
2017), 71 percent adequate in Nebraska (81 percent 2017), and 81 percent 
adequate in South Dakota (73 percent 2017). 
    Stock water supplies in Wyoming rated at 89 percent adequate (68 
percent 2017). Stock water supplies are no longer reported by NASS for 
Nebraska and South Dakota. 
    Wyoming NRCS says the snow report for last year at this time the 
state median was 124% with a low of 0% and a high of 227%.  This year the 
state median is 90% with a low of 2% and a high of 147% of median per 
Wyoming NRCS. 

     Prices quoted for cow/calf pairs are per unit/per month, and for 
yearlings per head/per month.  Most contracts are for a 5 month season.  

                                  --Cow/Calf Pairs--
                       --2018--                      --2017--

Western Wyoming      25.00-40.00                   20.00-39.00   
                   Mostly 25.00-35.00             Mostly 25.00-30.00
                                                                 
                                                                 
Eastern and          25.00-43.00,                  22.00-40.00,
Central Wyoming    Mostly 30.00-35.00            Mostly 35.00       
                    Instances 55.00                                   
                                                                
                                                                
Western Nebraska     30.00-60.00                   35.00-60.00
                   Mostly 35.00-50.00            Mostly 35.00-45.00
                    Instances 65.00                                      
                                                                  
                                                                  
Central Nebraska     60.00-80.00                      50.00-90.00
                   Mostly 60.00-70.00             Mostly 60.00-70.00    
                                                                  
                                                                   
                                                                   
S.W. South Dakota    35.00-68.00                    35.00-50.00,
                   Mostly 45.00-55.00            Mostly 35.00-40.00,
                                                                    

                                    --Yearlings--
                       --2018--                      --2017 -

Western Wyoming      17.00-30.00                  17.00-25.00
                    Mostly 20.00-22.00          Mostly 20.00   

Eastern and          20.00-35.00,                 15.00-35.00 
Central Wyoming     Mostly 20.00-25.00          Mostly 20.00-25.00 

Western Nebraska     25.00-35.00                  20.00-36.00

Central Nebraska     25.00-35.00                  25.00-35.00

S.W. South Dakota    20.00-35.00                  20.00-31.00 
                      Mostly 30.00               
                                                    
      
   Note: Lease contracts vary widely even within specific areas.  
Generally the high end of the price range requires landlords to 
maintain fences, check windmills/ponds/stock water, cattle, provide 
salt/minerals, etc. While on the lower end of the price range cattle 
owners are responsible for these services.  Sheep to cattle pasture 
ratios are usually 6 to 1.

Source: USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News, Torrington, WY 
        Thomas Walthers and Kaye Orton, 308-390-5399/307-532-4146 
        24 Hour Market News Recording 307-532-7200
        Office email: torringtonwy-LPSMNLS@ams.usda.gov
                      Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/to_ls150.txt 

1500c  tlw